Taxation in the Channel Islands

One of the key considerations when starting a business in the Channel Islands is the unique tax landscape. As self-governing British Crown dependencies, the Channel Islands have their own set of tax laws and regulations that differ from the United Kingdom.

Understanding this tax environment is crucial for entrepreneurs looking to establish a successful venture in the region!

The islands are known for their favourable tax policies, which have made them attractive destinations for businesses and individuals seeking to minimize their tax liabilities.

The islands operate under a territorial tax system, where only income derived from sources within the Channel Islands is subject to local taxes.

This means that businesses and individuals can potentially benefit from lower tax rates on their international income.

Corporate Tax Rates: The Channel Islands offer some of the lowest corporate tax rates in Europe, with a standard rate of 0% in both Jersey and Guernsey. This can provide a significant advantage for businesses, allowing them to reinvest more of their profits back into the company’s growth and development.

Personal Income Tax: Residents of the Channel Islands enjoy relatively low personal income tax rates, with a maximum rate of 20% in Jersey and 20% in Guernsey. This can be particularly attractive for entrepreneurs and high-net-worth individuals looking to optimise their personal tax situations.

Indirect Taxes: The Channel Islands have their own value-added tax (VAT) systems, which are separate from the United Kingdom’s VAT regime. Businesses operating in the Channel Islands must navigate these indirect tax requirements, including registration, reporting, and compliance. For example, Jersey and Guernsey each have a Goods and Services Tax (GST) in place, while Alderney and Sark do not have any form of indirect taxation.

Tax Per Island


In Jersey, there is no capital gains tax, inheritance tax, or value-added tax (VAT).

Instead, the island relies heavily on indirect taxes such as customs duties, goods and services tax (GST), and fuel duty to generate revenue.

Income tax rates in Jersey are also relatively low, with a standard rate of 20% and a higher rate of 26%. There is also a tax cap in place for high earners, which limits the amount of tax that can be paid on worldwide income.


Guernsey also has no capital gains tax, inheritance tax, or VAT.

Income tax rates in Guernsey are slightly higher than in Jersey, with a standard rate of 20% and a higher rate of 45%. However, the tax system in Guernsey also includes a tax cap for high earners, similar to Jersey 😉

In addition to the favourable tax rates, the islands also offer a range of tax-planning strategies and incentives for businesses and individuals.

These can include special tax regimes for specific industries, such as the financial services sector, as well as various exemptions and deductions that can be leveraged to minimise tax liabilities.


In Sark, there is no income tax, capital gains tax, or inheritance tax, making it an attractive destination for those looking to minimise their tax obligations.

Instead, the island generates revenue through a system of property taxes, business licenses, and a value-added tax on goods and services. These ‘revenue taxes’ may be applied to individuals who are resident in Sark for tax purposes.

This means that residents of Sark can enjoy a relatively low tax burden compared to other jurisdictions.


Alderney also offers tax advantages to individuals and businesses, with no capital gains tax, inheritance tax, or VAT.

Additionally, there is a flat 20% rate of income tax for both individual and corporate residents, making it a straightforward and transparent system.

The island also has several tax incentives in place to attract investment, such as tax breaks for companies engaged in certain industries or activities.


Herm levies a consumption tax known as Goods and Services Tax (GST) on goods and services purchased on the island. The current rate of GST in Herm is 5%, which is relatively low. This makes goods and services more affordable for residents and visitors on the island.

The island operates on a system of personal income tax, with income tax rates ranging from 0% to 20%, aligned to the rest of the Channel Islands.

This tax is applied to individuals who are resident in Herm for tax purposes, with different tax bands depending on the level of income earned. The tax system in Herm is designed to be simple and straightforward.


The island tax systems are designed to be business-friendly and encourage economic growth.

By offering favourable tax conditions, these amazing locations have become popular destinations for high-net-worth individuals, entrepreneurs, and companies looking to take advantage of their unique tax regimes.

This has led to significant economic growth in the islands, particularly in the financial services industry.

Yet, critics argue that the low-tax regime has also led to inequality and a widening wealth. Ultimately, this tax system is a complex and controversial issue that continues to be debated among policymakers and residents.

Note: Combat Tax Evasion & Money Laundering

The Channel Islands have faced increasing pressure in recent years to comply with international tax regulations, particularly around transparency and information sharing.

For example, both Jersey and Guernsey have signed agreements with various countries to exchange tax information, in line with global standards set by bodies such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Would you like to learn more about Guernsey? Then don’t miss out on the following article: Why Guernsey is a must for foodies